If you haven’t read my other blogs please read them about the things you will need to set up your soap making hobby and safety.
It is a good habit to get into to weigh and measure your ingredients rather than a cup of this and a cup of that which can lead to an unbalance between your lye and soap.
Coconut oil 50 grams (makes soap bubbly / lava)
Lard 25 grams (makes soap firmer)
Sunflower Oil 250 grams
Olive Oil 175 grams
Distilled water 190 grams
Lye crystals 66.58 grams
Once you have prepared your area, its clean, you have put newspaper on the work surface and you have measured all your ingredients into separate containers, and you have your safety goggles, mask and gloves on,
1) Add the lye to the distilled water stirring until the crystals disappear and set to one side in a safe place.
2) Mix the oils and lard into a microwaveable bowl and microwave for about 1 minute. The temperature should be about 120 degrees . The lye mixture will also have heated up by itself to around this heat also.
3) Wait until both mixtures cool to around 95 degrees to 105 degrees. This is critical in soap making to avoid a crumbly soap.
4) Once both mixtures reach the desired temperatures add the lye mixture to the oil mixture and stir by hand for about 5 minutes until the mixture has come together. After this you can make life easier for yourself and mix with a hand blender until the mixture becomes lighter and will thicken to a vanilla pudding type consistency (trace).
5) Pour your mixture into your moulds which should be set out ready.
6) Cover with plastic wrap/cling film/grease proof paper and place a kitchen town . this will keep the heat in while saponification takes place.
7) Set to one site where it won’t get interfered with by children.
8) After 24 hrs check your soap. If the soap is still warm you can leave it for another 24 hrs. If the soap has cooled you can turn the soap out onto wax / grease proof paper or a baking rack. If you have made your soap in bread tin you can slice the soap at this point.
9) Once your soap is cured, nice and firm you can wrap it in grease proof paper and put away in an air tight container.
10) Once you have made the soap wash the area thoroughly to make sure there is no residual lye on your equipment.
And that’s the basics of soap making. The soap project we have made here today makes a very simple but effective soap. When you become more experienced making soaps you can use a more challenging approach by adding different oils and additives.
Please check out my other blogs.